In an increasingly digital age, most 401(k) participants are either “comfortable” or “very comfortable” providing many distinct personal data points to their plan providers, according to a new report from Cerulli.
Individuals are willing to turn over their personal information to service and platform providers, as long as that data is being used to personalize their investment advice and financial wellness experience, according to Cerulli’s “U.S. Asset and Wealth Management” report. Without a holistic view of a participant’s financial situation, financial wellness experiences can feel generic and less relevant to the end user’s circumstances.
Plan providers are leveraging this data to construct a more detailed financial profile for individual participants on their platforms, delivering more personalized in-plan financial wellness, coaching, and portfolio management experiences, the report states. This has also helped plan advisers create more informed plan design recommendations for their plan sponsor clients and allowed for providers to anticipate and address their participants’ broader financial needs.
Participants are sharing more personal data about themselves and are more likely to turn to financial professionals above other sources of investing information and advice except for “myself” or a spouse/partner, with use of financial professionals up to 71% in 2021 vs. 68% in 2010, according to a Hearts & Wallets report. Use of paid financial professionals is now at 47%. Use of “other” types of financial professionals is at 64% today, including phone-based mutual fund companies or online brokerage representatives, accountants, bank representatives and insurance representatives.
Participants are either “comfortable” or “very comfortable” sharing information on their gender (91%), race or ethnicity (88%), household income (85%), expected retirement age (82%), family structure (83%), retirement savings/account balances (75%) and non-retirement savings/account balances (70%), the report states. They have also shared data, though sometimes less often, on credit card debt, weight/body mass index, smoking status, chronic health conditions and student loan debt.
Plan advisers and sponsors dedicate significant resources to helping participants address their financial situations more holistically and solve their “next dollar” problems, the report states. The vast majority (94%) of recordkeepers offer a financial wellness program, whether a proprietary program, a third-party program, or a combination. Yet there are no universal criteria for what constitutes a financial wellness program, and the structure and efficacy of these programs can differ from one provider to another.
While some providers offer data-driven, interactive, user-friendly programs that allow participants to make informed decisions in a holistic context, others offer more fragmented solutions, the report states. Holistic, user-friendly financial guidance and advice engagements not only enhance the competitive positioning recordkeepers offer to plan sponsors, but also help providers gain a deeper understanding of the participants on their platform, deliver more meaningful, impactful engagements, and proactively anticipate the needs of investors.
According to Hearts & Wallets, 65% of households in 2021 say they want to make decisions and manage money on their own with the preference to delegate dropping to 12% in 2021 from 20% in 2010. There is a bit of a disconnect, however, with 60% of households who prefer self-direction using some type of financial professional. An increasing number of Americans rely on multiple information sources, with 43% of households using seven or more sources today, nearly triple the 14% of households in 2010.
Cerulli suggests providers use participant data to create messaging, schedule touchpoints and deliver engagement that resonates with participants. Providers can leverage complete participant profiles by making participants aware of investment products, savings accounts, individual retirement accounts and other services that are more likely to address their needs at that point in time. An example could be recordkeepers or advisers targeting high-balance participants nearing retirement as a potential fit for their wealth management business.
Cerulli recommends recordkeepers use participant engagements, both virtual and phone-based, as opportunities to flesh out participant profiles. Within this context, providers can ask thoughtful questions about participants’ financial concerns, goals, and recent life changes to update their existing participant profiles.
Having this much personal data could lead to misuse and comes with considerable risk, the report warns. Some sponsors have expressed concerns with how recordkeepers and other plan providers use their participant’s sensitive personal information, with several recordkeepers accused of inappropriately cross-selling participant data. Defined contribution plans are also seen as attractive targets for cybercriminals.