And, says State Street Global Advisors, perpetuating these misperceptions is hazardous to women’s wealth. To better serve female investors, advisers need to understand the real factors that drive their behavior.
Women have significant influence over household investments, says a study from State Street Global Advisors, but they are undermined by a persistent feeling of being misunderstood by the investment industry. The result is a disconnect that costs investors who could benefit from partnering with an adviser, and that also blocks advisers from successfully engaging female investors.
According to “Assessing the Landscape: Female Investors and Financial Advisors,” misperceptions are to blame. To make real progress, outdated assumptions must be challenged and stereotypes shattered.
The study uncovers seven myths about women and investing that prevent the industry from seeing the female investor for who she really is: a multidimensional individual striving to make fully informed decisions in order to meet long-term financial goals.
Investment decisions are mostly made by men: As women’s responsibility for household income has increased, so has their authority over saving and investing. Women now control around $11 trillion in investable assets. Over the next 40 years, it’s estimated that nearly $30 trillion of intergenerational wealth will be transferred to female investors. Despite their growing financial prowess, women are still overlooked at times by advisers who presume that they are not involved in investment decisions. It’s time for the industry to change its thinking.
Female investors lack confidence: As they continue to expand their role as the family’s chief investment officer, many women are becoming more experienced investors. The broad generalization of women lacking confidence as investors simply doesn’t apply. Younger women, for example, tend to be more confident in their own investing skills. Age and experience with investing are just two factors that may impact an individual’s confidence in their own investing skills.
Female Investors are Indecisive: When a female investor takes more time to make an investment decision, she is not necessarily being indecisive. Her comprehensive decision process typically involves looking at issues from multiple angles, considering various sources of information and carefully weighing the options. It is a holistic approach to a complex, multifaceted decision. This may seem indecisive, especially if compared with an overconfident investor who is more impulsive or trades more frequently, but it simply means that she is motivated to make well-informed decisionsNEXT: Females prefer female advisers. Or do they?
Female investors prefer to work with female advisers: Advisers should know that they don’t need to be a woman to advise women — nine out of 10 female investors believe gender doesn’t matter in hiring an adviser. However, female investors who work with a female adviser tend to be more confident in their own investing skills and have higher satisfaction rates, which may point to more patience and active listening on the part of female advisers. Whether male or female, advisers with higher gender intelligence have more successful relationships with all of their investors.
“I need more time” really means “no”: When a female investor says “I need more time,” this is exactly what she means — most of the time. Advisers, on the other hand, think this is often her way of saying “No.” The female investor seeks sufficient information and time to process the decision, which allows her to own the decision and avoid regret. Over time, this helps her gain confidence. It also means that she will be less likely to blame her adviser if things don’t turn out the way she intended.
Emotion Should Remain Separate From Investing: No decision is ever detached from emotion. An investor’s experiences, current situation and expectations for the future influence each investment decision. This is not a bad thing; there is a role for intuition and emotion in the decision-making process. Advisers can help investors balance emotion with more objective information. The emotional component also presents an opportunity for advisers to deepen their client relationships. The key is in connecting investments with what they represent for the investor – security and independence.
Female investors are a lucrative market niche: Women are still underserved in financial advice, but it’s clear that this is not a niche segment. By definition, “niche” does not describe this majority investor population. More importantly, no two investors are alike. State Street Global Advisors’ research found significant differences among women’s financial goals and attitudes toward investing, risk tolerance, financial literacy, confidence in investing skills and what they seek from a financial adviser.
State Street Global Advisors surveyed 250 financial advisers and 1,000 individual female investors online for its “Assessing the Landscape” report. An omnibus survey with 946 adults, and qualitative research with 18 subject matter experts and six female investors was also conducted for more context around the findings.