Workers Plan to Fund Retirement in Various Ways

Social Security, company funded plans, home equity, and inheritance are less frequently cited as sources of retirement income among workers.

With research support from Nielsen and the Harris Poll, the Transamerica Center for Retirement Studies has published the 17th edition of its annual retirement survey—offering an in-depth look at the U.S. retirement savings industry via more than 300 pages of data and graphics. 

The research presents more than 50 measures of retirement preparedness, as well as higher-level five-year trend analyses looking at overall survey findings among workers of for-profit companies of 10 or more employees. The report also examines the influences of demographic shift on retirement preparations among the private U.S. workforce.

At a high level, researchers find once again that many American workers say they are still recovering from what is commonly referred to as the Great Recession. Markets may be pushing record highs once again, but this has not offered much help for those who have faced extended periods of unemployment, those who liquidated savings/investments to pay for daily life, those who lost houses in foreclosure, etc. 

Indeed, the data shows 41% of people say they have “somewhat” recovered, with 13% percent saying that they have not yet begun to recover and 7% saying that they may never recover from the last recession. However, 39% of workers say that they have either fully recovered (20%) or were not directly impacted by Great Recession (19%).

Against this backdrop, the research shows most workers are at least nominally focused on saving for retirement—and they have varying degrees of confidence they will be able to retire comfortably.

“Retirement confidence has recovered but plateaued,” researchers suggest, noting that 62% of workers are confident that they will be able to fully retire with a comfortable lifestyle, including 15% who are “very confident” and 47% who are “somewhat confident.” In addition, Transamerica finds just about half of workers (51%) agree that they are building a large enough retirement nest egg.

NEXT: Many factors play into retirement readiness 

The Transamerica survey finds workers’ most frequently cited retirement fear is “outliving my savings/investments” (51%), followed closely by “Social Security will be reduced or cease to exist in the future” (47%) and “declining health that requires long-term care” (45%).

Facing down these problems and others, workers are having to plan to draw on diverse sources of income during retirement. Self-funded savings, including tax-qualified retirement accounts and other savings, along with after-tax investments, are the most frequently cited sources of retirement income expected by workers. Social Security, company funded plans, home equity, and inheritance are less frequently cited among workers. 

“Interestingly, 38% cite ‘working’ as an expected source of retirement income,” researchers point out, despite evidence that most actually find it undesirable or difficult to find work in retirement, say for health or skill-related reasons.

Other findings show the participation rate among workers who are offered an employee-funded retirement plan is 77%, while the median percentage of salary being saved is 8% of annual pay. While a variety of explanations were offered, the leading reason cited among eligible employees for not participating in workplace retirement plans was “being financially stretched.” Somewhat encouraging, almost one in five cite that they save for retirement in other ways.

Also positive, 32% of workers who are currently participating in a 401(k) or similar plan say that they have increased their contributions in the past 12 months. Sixty-one percent indicate they did not change their contribution rate, while 6% decreased their rate and 1% stopped contributions altogether in the last year.

NEXT: Satisfaction with benefits remains high

“Among workers who are offered a retirement plan by their employer, the majority (72%) strongly/somewhat agree that they are satisfied with their plan,” researchers explain.

Speaking directly to employers, the analysis shows that when selecting between two hypothetical job offers, workers are equally likely to say they would select a job with a higher than expected salary, but poor retirement benefits (50%) versus a job with excellent retirement benefits, but only meeting minimum salary requirements (50%). But at the same time, the majority of workers (60%) whose employers do not offer a retirement plan would be likely to switch jobs for a similar job with a retirement plan.

Three in five workers who participate in their employer-sponsored 401(k) or similar plan say they use some sort of automatic allocation approach to investing their retirement plan assets, such as a managed account, strategic allocation fund and/or target-date fund. Another 41% prefer a more do-it-yourself approach and set their own asset allocation percentages among the available funds.

Looking forward, many of the workers and employers surveyed hope the federal government can set retirement security priorities for 2017 and beyond.

“With the November 2016 election in mind, workers most frequently cite fully funding Social Security (58%) as a priority for the new President and Congress to help Americans prepare for a financially secure retirement,” the analysis explains. “Other top cited responses include encouraging 401(k) plans to offer the option to pay retirement benefits in a form that guarantees retirees a set monthly income for life (46%), and encouraging employers with a 401(k) or similar plan to enable their part-time workers to participate in the plan (38%).”

The full research report is available for download here