There are dramatic differences when it comes to retirement planning behavior by levels of financial fragility, according to a report from the Society of Actuaries (SOA), “Aging and Retirement: Financial Fragility Across the Generations.” The SOA interprets financial fragility as vulnerability to a financial crisis and having a negative outlook of personal finances
Those with high fragility are much more likely to have short planning horizons and to prioritize everyday bills over retirement or emergency savings. Debt, especially credit card debt, is a major barrier, with 94% of those with high fragility holding some form of debt and 56% reporting credit card debt.
“Reducing financial fragility is an important step in helping individuals manage the priorities of today and those of the future, especially funding a secure retirement,” the report says. “Financial wellness and education programs looking to address these issues should understand the range of differences among financial fragility issues. These programs need to be designed so individuals of different fragility levels can connect to what is useful and important to their situation.”
There is significant variation in financial planning time frames based on levels of financial fragility. Six in 10 of those with high fragility can only plan paycheck to paycheck, while this is only the case for 20% with moderate fragility and just 5% of those with low fragility. On the other end of the planning spectrum, only 6% with high fragility plan for the rest of their lives compared to 10% of those with moderate fragility and 29% of those with low fragility.
While almost all of those with high fragility are prioritizing being able to afford everyday bills, those with low fragility are prioritizing saving for the future, including for retirement (67%).
To address their financial priorities that mainly focus on affording everyday bills and current debt, those with high financial fragility are more likely to say they are sticking to a budget and learning to use credit cards wisely than those with low fragility. Additionally, they are significantly more likely than both moderate and low fragility individuals to say they will be cutting back on things like vacations and eating out, making efforts to get their debts under control, and cutting back on needed medical costs to address their financial priorities this year. Those with low fragility are more likely to plan for tomorrow’s priorities by sticking to a monthly savings plan, contribute to an employer’s retirement plan, target investing to grow their money and produce income now and in retirement, and work with a financial adviser.
Concerns around retirement are high for all, but especially for those who are more financially fragile. The biggest concern for retirement for those who have high financial fragility is they might not be able to maintain a reasonable standard of living for the rest of their life. For those with moderate and low financial fragility, the biggest concern for retirement is that savings and investments may not keep up with inflation.
Greenwald & Associates conducted an online survey of 2,001 individuals for the Society of Actuaries last July on which the financial fragility index is based.