The Retirement Health Care Cost Index, from HealthView Services, shows that middle-class Americans’ retirement health care costs are on a path to exceed their Social Security benefits. The index measures the percentage of Social Security benefits required to pay for health care-related costs in retirement for a healthy couple receiving the average projected Social Security benefit at full retirement age.
The index indicates that retirement health care costs will increase from 69% of Social Security benefits for a couple retiring in one year to 98% of Social Security benefits for a healthy couple retiring in 10 years. For couples retiring in 20 years, 127% of Social Security benefits will be required to cover health care costs, and couples retiring in 32 years will need 190% of their Social Security benefits to cover health care costs.
For an average healthy couple retiring in 2015, index data shows retirement health care costs will amount to approximately $366,599 in today’s dollars. In another 10 years, reflecting estimated health care cost inflation and Social Security cost-of-living adjustments, costs will rise to approximately $421,083 in today’s dollars.
“The index reveals an ugly truth. That over the course of time, retirees will need to use their entire Social Security benefit just to pay for health care,” says Ron Mastrogiovanni, founder and chief executive officer of HealthView Services, based in Danvers, Massachusetts. “Many Americans believe that Medicare will cover most or all of their health care costs in retirement. This is simply untrue.”
For wealthier couples receiving less than $170,000 in retirement income, a smaller portion of their benefits will be required for retirement health care costs than those receiving average Social Security benefits, but health care costs will still take up a sizeable portion of those benefits. For a healthy couple retiring in one year with one spouse earning maximum Social Security benefits, but earning less than $170,000 in total income, 39% of Social Security benefits will be required to cover health care costs. This will increase to 52% of Social Security benefits if they retire in 10 years.
If, however, the same couple earns more than $170,000 in retirement, they will be subject to the Medicare surcharge, which depending on their Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) raises Medicare Parts B and D premiums by between 35% and 200%. An affluent couple retiring in one year that falls into Medicare’s top income bracket will be responsible for an additional $255,267 in lifetime Medicare surcharges.
The index shows how the gap between annual health care cost inflation, which HealthView suggests is between 5% and 7%, and the 2% expected cost-of-living increases scheduled for Social Security will put increasing pressure on workers planning for future health care expenses. It also underscores the range of factors that need to be considered when planning for retirement including age, gender, marital status, health, where a person lives, number of years to retirement, and when Social Security recipients elect to receive their benefits.
“For middle-class Americans who tend to rely more on Social Security benefits, the differential between the health care cost inflation rate and Social Security cost-of-living adjustments is a time bomb,” says Mastrogiovanni. “The index highlights the need for a comprehensive and individualized approach to retirement planning that factors in expected health care costs. It also reinforces the need for adviser tools, such as our HealthWealthLink application, which show how decumulation strategies, including working longer, saving more, moving to a less expensive state, and Social Security optimization, will impact retirement plans.”
Total retirement health care costs measured by the index include all Medicare premiums, including Parts B and D, Medigap premiums, as well as out-of-pocket costs, including co-pays not covered by Medicare. The index assumes that the primary income earner will generate the Social Security average of $1,294 per month in today’s dollars and their spouse $817 per month. While health care costs tend to increase as retirees age, the index measures the lifetime average of health care costs.
The index draws upon HealthView Services’ cost data from more than 50 million annual health care cases and is calculated using an actuary-reviewed and physician-reviewed methodology that determines individual longevity and retirement health care costs based on age, gender, health, and time to retirement. HealthView Services’ methodology is updated regularly to reflect changes in health care cost inflation, Social Security cost-of-living increases, and regulatory changes.
HealthView Services (www.hvsfinancial.com) is a provider of retirement health care cost data and Medicare, Social Security, and long-term care retirement planning tools for financial advisers and individuals.