A news release from Prudential, a guaranteed income provider, said the addition of a guaranteed income feature could help more participants deal with market downturns.
“Refining the construction of target-date funds will not eliminate these risks,” said Christine Marcks, president of Prudential Retirement, in the report. “An income guarantee must be integrated with target-date funds to address these problems. Combining target-date funds with income guarantees is the logical next step to enhance retirement security, while preserving the opportunities for market appreciation, control, and flexibility that today’s pre-retirees and retirees value.”
The report, “Strengthening Target-Date Funds with Guarantees to Enhance Retirement Security,” outlines what Prudential said are the risks inherent in using target-date funds as an investment vehicle to achieve retirement goals.
Marcks said in a target-date fund context, an income guarantee would be activated as participants get closer to retirement.
- The income guarantee generates an “income base” at the time of activation, likely five to 10 years before retirement. The income base is initially set at the market value of the participant’s assets at the time of activation, and can never be less than this amount plus additional contributions.
- The income base may increase before retirement depending on market performance, but cannot decline in the years before retirement.
- After retiring, the participant will receive a guaranteed level of annual income for life set at a percentage, such as 5%, of the income base at retirement.
- During retirement, the income base will never decline as long as withdrawals do not exceed the guaranteed minimum annual amounts. It may increase depending on market performance.
- Before and after retirement, the participant retains full control of his or her assets and is able to withdraw varying amounts of those assets. Withdrawals prior to retirement will lower the income base proportionally, as will withdrawals after retirement that exceeds the guaranteed level of income. Upon death, the participant’s assets are available as a bequest to heirs.
The white paper is available here.