Commonwealth and the Defined Contribution Institutional Investment Association Retirement Research Center have released new research that shows workers earning low and moderate incomes continue to face challenges in financial security, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic.
With the current economic environment, it has become even more challenging to build liquid savings for unexpected expenses. The report, “Emergency Savings Features That Work for Employees Earning Low to Moderate Incomes,” examines how employers and service providers can build and offer emergency savings solutions that are inclusively designed for lower income earners.
Those with lower financial wellbeing scores are more likely to be interested in workplace emergency savings programs, the report says. Individuals with emergency savings are less likely to have accumulated debt, to have prematurely tapped retirement savings or to have taken actions that jeopardized their financial future.
Workers earning lower wages prefer no fees (34%), no minimum balance requirements (17%) and liquidity (16%)—defined as immediate access to funds—in an emergency savings solution, the report found. With nearly 1000 respondents, these preferences stayed consistent regardless of race, gender or income.
The report suggests that these findings should demonstrate to plan advisers and recordkeepers on how features should be prioritized when choosing or designing a quality emergency savings solution. One of the biggest concepts for to grapple with will be the demand for liquidity. Access to savings must be immediate and penalty free during a time of need, the report adds.
Participants are overwhelmingly interested in incentives, with 91% who said incentives can help motivate them to open a savings account. Employers have multiple options of structuring the incentive, including a reward to open an account (98%), matching contributions (96%), a reward for consistent savings (93%) and a reward for reaching a target savings amount (92%).
The report found that workers with no emergency savings were significantly less likely to contribute to a defined contribution plan. Offering an emergency savings solution could be helpful in boosting retirement plan participation among employees and could further protect retirement assets.
When looking at the population of those eligible but not participating in DC plans, they tended to be younger, have lower income levels, and be Black or Latino, the report said. Overall, preference for an emergency savings account linked to a workplace retirement account was low for workers earning lower incomes, which could indicate a serious challenge emergency savings solutions may face.
The report also asked questions to gain better insight into effective employee benefit communication strategies, as there is a lack of auto-enrollment and payroll integration for emergency savings solutions. Most employees looked to email (55%) as the primary place for news about benefits. Many supported increasing the frequency of communication (35%), holding workshops (35%), or having a human resource representative present new updates (35%). These findings show the need for constant and varied ways to reach workers, the report adds.