A Fidelity news release about its first College Savings Indicator said the estimates were based on the current college cost projections of more than $100,000 for today’s high school seniors, including tuition, fees, and room & board.
529 Plan Usage
Faring better than parents in general are those parents utilizing a 529 plan, who are on track to cover 52% of their children’s college expenses, according to Fidelity. According to the announcement, among those in a 529 college savings plan, 40% opened their account through an adviser. Only 5% of families using an adviser believe they will not meet their college savings goal.
“Advisers are not only helping parents to create a solid savings strategy for future college expenses, but they’re also helping them to feel more confident that they can actually meet their goals, despite what may seem at first like a daunting sum of money to be saved,” said Martha B. Willis, executive vice president, Fidelity Investments Institutional Services. “Regardless of whether families utilize an adviser or save on their own, it is critical that they practice good savings habits, such as starting early, investing regularly, and utilizing tax-advantaged accounts such as 529s that can help their savings stretch further.”
As part of the study, Fidelity conducted a nationwide survey of parents with college-bound children of all ages. Parents provided data on their current and projected household asset levels including college savings, use of an investment adviser, and general expectations and attitudes towards financing their children’s college expenses. Using Fidelity’s proprietary asset-liability modeling engine, the firm was able to calculate future college savings levels per household against anticipated college costs.
“Parents who do not have a solid college savings strategy or who are not utilizing a tax-advantaged savings account, such as a 529 plan, may see their child having to rely more heavily on student loans or other means to supplement costs,’ said Carolyn Clancy, executive vice president, Fidelity Personal and Workplace Investing.
Other Funding Sources
When asked how they expect to meet anticipated college costs, parents predict they will directly fund 27% through general savings and dedicated college savings accounts and an additional 16% from income they will earn while their child is in school.
Parents surveyed said they anticipate 18% of the total college cost of college will be covered by student loans, a potentially sizeable burden. For example, using the $100,000 average college cost, and assuming an average 10-year repayment period with an interest rate of 7.5%, the total cost of the loan could exceed $25,000.
Parents also expect their children to fund about one-quarter (26%) of the total cost of their college education through a combination of their own savings, income from working while in school and student loans. As a matter of fact, over three-quarters (79%) of the parents believe their children would appreciate college more if they shared the responsibility of paying for it.
Scholarships and grants are expected to cover 20% of expenses, according to parents, while the remaining 11% of costs would come from other sources like personal loans and gifts.
More than half (53%) of parents surveyed expressed concern that financial constraints will impact their children’s educational choices. Parents with older children (ages 13-18) report they are re-evaluating their savings strategies to meet projected costs. Of this group, 32% are considering having their child live at home, one-quarter are weighing the costs of public versus private colleges, and 22% have cut back on spending to save more.
Data for the Indicator (number of children in household, time to matriculation, school type, current savings and expected future contributions) are collected by Research Data Technology, an independent research firm, through a national online survey of almost 2,300 parents nationwide with children aged 18 and younger who are expected to attend college; with household incomes of $30,000 a year or more; and are the financial decisionmakers in their household.